A step-by-step guide to installing SPC flooring in Malaysia
Stone Polymer Composite (SPC) flooring has gained popularity in Malaysia due to its water resistance and ease of installation. This cost-effective solution appeals to homeowners who desire the look of hardwood or tile flooring without the significant investment. With the right tools and some basic knowledge, installing SPC flooring can be a rewarding DIY project for homeowners. In this guide, we will walk you through the process of installing SPC flooring in Malaysia step-by-step.
Step 1: Measure and Prepare the Room
Begin by measuring the length and width of the room to determine the square footage. Once you have the square footage, you can calculate how much SPC flooring you need for the project. It's a good idea to purchase an extra 5% to 10% of flooring to account for any cutting or waste.
Next, prepare the room for installation. Remove all furniture and any existing flooring, including carpet, hardwood, or tile. The subfloor must be clean, dry, and level. Check for any cracks, holes, or bumps in the subfloor and make necessary repairs before installing the SPC flooring.
Step 2: Install the Underlayment
Underlayment is a thin layer of foam that is installed between the subfloor and the SPC flooring. Underlayment helps to absorb sound, reduce moisture, and provide a cushion between the subfloor and the SPC flooring.
Begin by rolling out the underlayment in one corner of the room. Ensure the underlayment is flush with the wall and that there are no gaps or overlaps. Trim any excess underlayment with a utility knife. Repeat this process until the entire room is covered with the underlayment.
Step 3: Plan the Layout
Before installing the SPC flooring, it's essential to plan the layout. This step ensures that the SPC flooring will be installed in the most efficient and aesthetically pleasing way possible. Begin by laying out a few rows of SPC flooring without clicking them together. This step helps you visualize the layout and make necessary adjustments before installing the flooring.
When planning the layout, consider the direction of the planks, the pattern, and any transitions between rooms. It's a good idea to lay out the flooring perpendicular to the longest wall in the room to make the space appear more significant. However, if the room is an odd shape or has unique features, you may need to adjust the layout accordingly.
Step 4: Install the First Row
Once you have planned the layout, it's time to start installing the SPC flooring. Begin by laying the first row of planks against the longest wall in the room. Make sure the tongue side of the plank is facing the wall. Use spacers to create a 1/4 inch gap between the planks and the wall. This gap allows for the expansion and contraction of the flooring due to changes in temperature and humidity.
To install the first row, click the short end of one plank into the long end of another plank. Once the planks are connected, place the plank against the wall and use a tapping block and hammer to ensure a tight fit. Continue this process until the entire first row is installed.
Step 5: Install the Remaining Rows
With the first row installed, it's time to install the remaining rows of SPC flooring. Begin by clicking the short end of one plank into the short end of another plank. Once the planks are connected, gently lower the plank onto the previous row, making sure the long sides are clicked together. Use a tapping block and hammer to secure a tight fit. Continue working from left to right until the entire row is installed.
As you install each row, make sure to stagger the seams. This means that the end joints of adjacent rows should be at least 12 inches apart. This technique creates a more natural-looking floor and increases its stability. Use a saw to cut the last plank in each row to fit against the wall. Remember to leave a 1/4 inch gap between the last plank and the wall.
Step 6: Cut the Planks
As you install the SPC flooring, you may need to cut some planks to fit around door frames, corners, or other obstacles. Use a jigsaw, circular saw, or handsaw to cut the planks. Wear protective eyewear and a dust mask when cutting the planks.
Measure the length of the plank you need to cut and mark it with a pencil. Use a straight edge to guide your saw as you cut the plank. Once the plank is cut to size, click it into place with the rest of the flooring.
Step 7: Install the Final Row
As you near the end of the installation, you will need to install the final row of SPC flooring. Begin by measuring the width of the remaining space and cutting the planks to fit. Remember to leave a 1/4 inch gap between the planks and the wall.
To install the final row, click the short end of one plank into the long end of another plank. Once the planks are connected, gently angle the plank into place and use a tapping block and hammer to ensure a tight fit. Continue this process until the entire final row is installed.
Step 8: Install the Baseboards and Trim
With the SPC flooring installed, it's time to install the baseboards and trim. Begin by removing the spacers from around the perimeter of the room. Use a nail gun or hammer and nails to attach the baseboards to the wall. Make sure to leave a small gap between the baseboard and the flooring to allow for expansion and contraction.
Next, install any trim around door frames or other obstacles. Use a saw to cut the trim to size and attach it to the wall with a nail gun or hammer and nails. Remember to leave a small gap between the trim and the flooring to allow for expansion and contraction.
Step 9: Clean Up
With the installation complete, it's time to clean up the space. Sweep or vacuum the floor to remove any debris or dust. Use a damp mop or cloth to clean the floor without saturating the flooring with water.
Step 10: Enjoy Your New SPC Flooring
Congratulations! You have successfully installed SPC flooring in your home. Remember to follow the manufacturer's instructions for maintenance and cleaning to ensure the longevity of your new flooring.
Installing SPC flooring in Malaysia can be a DIY project for homeowners with some basic knowledge and the right tools. Measure and prepare the room, install the underlayment, plan the layout, install the first row, install the remaining rows, cut the planks, install the final row, install the baseboards and trim, and clean up to achieve the best results. With these steps, you'll be well on your way to enjoying your new SPC flooring for years to come.